The L-1 work visa is available to two types of foreign workers:
In this article, we explain the procedures for extending your L-1 work visa and offer helpful hints and pointers to ensure that this process is as easy and fast as possible. Please note that these general strategies and procedures are the same whether you are seeking to extend L-1A or L-1B status.
You must apply to USCIS to extend your L-1 work visa before your L-1 status expires. You'll find that date on your Form I-94 Arrival/Departure Record. The I-94 should have your name, an I-94 number (which is simply an 11-digit identification number), the date you entered the U.S., the status in which you entered the U.S., and the date your status expires.
The majority of U.S. visitors no longer receive a paper I-94 and instead can access this form on the U.S. Customs and Border Protection website.
The date your status expires is the deadline by when you must apply to extend your L-1 work visa. (Note that if you changed to L-1 status in the U.S. and never left the U.S. after doing so, your I-94 card will be found on the bottom of your L-1 approval notice).
For example, let's say you enter the U.S. in L-1 status on January 1, 2022. The I-94 states exactly that; and also indicates that your status expires on December 31, 2025. You must therefore file your petition to extend your status by December 31, 2025.
As far as timing goes, it's only necessary that United States Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) receive your petition to extend your L-1 status by the date your status expires. In other words, you don't need to worry about USCIS approving your employer's petition before your status expires.
Continuing with the example above, let's say your employer files your petition to extend L-1 status on December 1, 2025, and USCIS receives your petition on December 5, 2025. USCIS does not approve your petition until January 31, 2026, or approximately one month after your previous L-1 status expired. Because your employer filed your extension while you were still in status, however, you are authorized to remain in the U.S. while USCIS adjudicates your petition. You do NOT accrue unlawful presence if USCIS doesn't approve your petition until after your previous status expired.
You're also authorized to work for up to 240 days beyond your I-94 expiration while awaiting approval of the petition to extend status.
Additionally, be aware that you are not allowed to remain in the U.S. in L-1 status indefinitely. There is a seven-year maximum stay for L-1A visa holders and a five-year maximum stay for L-1B visa holders.
Once you have reached your maximum stay, you may not extend your L-1 visa again, until you have been outside of the U.S. for at least one year. Of course, you might also have to option to apply for a green card and stay in the U.S. permanently.
In order to extend your L-1 status in the United States, your employer must file an I-129 petition on your behalf with USCIS. At this time, you must be physically present in the United States. Below is a list of documents that must be included with the Form I-129:
This is only a general list of materials that should be submitted with the I-129 form. Your own circumstances might require that additional/different materials be included.
Below are a few helpful pointers to assist employers in completing Form I-129. (There refer to USCIS's March 2021 version of the form.)
For a more extensive overview of the employer's requirements, see Extension of a Work Visa: Employer's I-129 Application Process.
If you have dependents (spouse and/or children) who are in the U.S. in L-2 dependent status, you must file a separate form, USCIS Form I-539, to extend their L-2 statuses (and of course include documentation).
The I-539 petition can be filed either (1) with your I-129 petition; (2) by itself, including a copy of the receipt notice for your I-129 petition; or (3) by itself, including a copy of the approval notice for your I-129 petition.
Just like with your I-129 petition, your dependents' I-539 petition must be received by USCIS before their immigration statuses expire. All of your dependents may be listed on one I-539 petition, but each extra family member beyond the first must submit a separate I-539A, Supplemental Information form, which is also available at the I-539 website.
If you're interested in staying in the United States permanently, talk to a lawyer and see these articles on the subject.