Wills, and other estate planning documents may need to be revised from time to time. Usually, the need arises when a significant change occurs, making the language in the current will unclear, or open to interpretation. Here are some things to look out for.
Especially if the will is old—and it’s not uncommon for people to let them sit around unchanged for decades—a new will might save you a lot of trouble down the road.
A new will is definitely needed if:
It’s not enough for the person to tell you to handle his or her estate later on, when the time comes—you need a valid will that nominates you as the executor. Then the probate court, after the will-maker has died, can officially make you the executor.
There are lots of other reasons to make a new will, too. If the will-maker has experienced any of these life events since making a will, it’s probably time to make a new one:
Most married people leave most or all of their property to the surviving spouse. If it’s a second marriage and there are children from a previous relationship, however, the arrangements will probably be different. It’s important to know that you can’t completely cut out a spouse, without his or her written consent. So even if the spouse is well taken care of with other property and is perfectly happy that the will leaves everything to the children, make sure there’s a written consent.
Unmarried partners, no matter how committed the relationship, inherit nothing. (Partners who enter a civil union or register their domestic partnerships with the state, where either is available, are generally treated like spouses for purposes of inheritance.) The will should spell out what property is being left to the partner.
In most states, divorce automatically nullifies any will provisions that leave assets to a former spouse or name him or her as executor. But not every state has this rule, so divorce is always a reason to make a new will. The will-maker may also want to change bequests to the former spouse’s children as well.
If there’s a new child, there should be a new will, even if property isn’t left to the child directly. A will is necessary to name a personal guardian for the child—someone who would raise the child if neither parent could.
If the person now owns significantly different assets—a home, a business, a timeshare, and so on—than when the existing will was made, it’s time for a new will.
If the will-maker is married, moving to a new state could have changed his or her property rights if the move was from a community property state to a common-law property state or vice versa. A will from another state is still valid, but it’s a good idea to make a new will taking into account the law of the new state.
If you need to create a new will, there are inexpensive and effective do-it-yourself products that can help.
There are two ways to modify a will. One is to add a "codicil" to it, revoking, changing, or adding to the original will. Codicils were more popular when a new will had to be typed up by hand, but are rarely used today. Codicils can create confusion if it’s not clear exactly how they are supposed to change the original will, and they’re just as much trouble to make because they must be dated, signed, and witnessed just like a will.
The best course is just to make a new will, revoking the old one with a statement like this: "This will revokes all wills and codicils that I have previously made." To find out how you can create a new will and other estate planning documents yourself quickly and easily, check out this chart of options.