When a borrower mortgages a commercial property but doesn't make the payments, the lender will likely initiate foreclosure proceedings. Once a commercial property goes into foreclosure, the lender will want to ensure that:
To ensure that these objectives are met, a lender might seek the appointment of a "receiver" as soon as a commercial mortgage loan goes into default.
A "receiver" is an unbiased third party that the court appoints to protect the property from damage or lost rental income.
Typically, the receiver is an individual person, though it could be a company.
The receivership process ordinarily begins when a commercial property owner goes into default. The lender submits a petition to the court to appoint a receiver either before an action to foreclose or concurrently with the foreclosure.
The court-appointed receiver is then responsible for managing the property until the foreclosure is complete. Once appointed, the receiver is generally able to:
Furthermore, the duties of the receiver include:
The main reason a lender might want a receiver is because, once appointed, the receiver (rather than the borrower) manages the income-producing commercial property. Having a receiver reduces the risks of "rent skimming" and "waste."
"Rent skimming" is the use of rental income for a purpose other than paying the mortgage or maintaining the property.
"Waste" is the unreasonable or improper use of property that damages the value of the property or allowing the property to deteriorate to the point of neglect and decay.
An example of waste is if the borrower holds off on needed maintenance, like fixing a broken elevator or replacing broken windows.
Hiring a receiver can be costly for the lender. Generally, receivers are paid on an hourly basis, with rates typically being several hundred dollars per hour. Though, rates vary quite a bit based on the geographic location of the property. The lender has to cover the cost of a court-appointed receiver.
Moreover, a court-appointed receiver answers to the court, not the lender. So, the lender must give up some control. This lack of control is of particular concern to lenders when it comes to selling the commercial property, setting a minimum sale price, and distributing the proceeds.
If you're a commercial property owner facing foreclosure, it's important to keep in mind that a foreclosure involves many legal intricacies. It might be beneficial to employ the services of a qualified attorney to help you through the process and ensure that you fully understand your rights under the law.