Esophageal cancer is a serious cancer of the esophagus, an organ located in the chest that is part of the digestive tract. Symptoms include pain and difficulty swallowing, chest pain, and a hoarse voice that doesn’t improve. Unfortunately, prognosis for this type of cancer is poor.
Esophageal cancer is a disability that is listed in the SSA’s Listing of Impairments ("The Blue Book") that is automatically approved for disability benefits as long as the patient has had a diagnosis of esophageal cancer -- either carcinoma or sarcoma. You will need to submit the proper medical evidence of your diagnosis to Social Security. Your medical records should include where the cancer began, the areas affected by the cancer, the treatment you've had, and any side effects or permanent impairments after treatment.
To learn more about getting disability benefits for cancer, see Disability Determination for Cancer.
In addition, esophageal cancer is one of the conditions that qualify for fast-track treatment under the Compassionate Allowances program. This program expedites the SSA's decision making so that you should get an approval of benefits within one month of applying. (Although you will still have a five-month waiting period from the onset of disability before benefits will be paid.)
Of course, to be eligible for SSDI disability benefits, you must have enough work credits to qualify for SSDI, and you cannot earn more than $1,090 a month (in 2015). If you don't qualify for SSDI benefits, you may be able to qualify for SSI benefits.