If you file for Chapter 11 bankruptcy, one of the documents you must file with the court is a disclosure statement. The purpose of the disclosure statement is to provide your creditors with “adequate information” about your affairs to allow them to make an informed decision about your reorganization plan. Read on to learn more about the disclosure statement in Chapter 11 bankruptcy.
Chapter 11 is a type of bankruptcy proceeding designed primarily to allow businesses to retain control of their assets and continue operating while reorganizing their debts through a bankruptcy plan. However, individuals who have too much debt to qualify for Chapter 13 bankruptcy are also allowed to file for Chapter 11. (To learn more, see Debt Limits for Chapter 13 Bankruptcy.)
Because a Chapter 11 debtor has possession and control over its assets (rather than a bankruptcy trustee), it is referred to as a “debtor in possession.” In most cases, a trustee is never appointed in a Chapter 11 case unless the court believes there is cause to appoint one (such as fraud or mismanagement). However, the U.S. Trustee still oversees the Chapter 11 bankruptcy process and monitors the operation of the business and filing of all required reports with the court.
Keep in mind that Chapter 11 bankruptcy can be extremely complex. As a result, consider talking to an attorney specializing in Chapter 11 bankruptcy prior to filing your case.
When you file for Chapter 11 bankruptcy, you must file a disclosure statement with the court. The disclosure statement must provide adequate information about your financial affairs to allow your creditors to make an informed decision about whether to accept or reject your plan. Once you file your disclosure statement, the court will hold a hearing to approve or reject it. In most cases, your plan can’t be accepted or rejected until the court first approves your disclosure statement.
In general, what is considered adequate information depends on the nature, history, and size of the Chapter 11 debtor. In certain small business cases, the bankruptcy court may even decide that a separate disclosure statement is not needed because the plan of reorganization itself provides enough information. Bankruptcy courts have broad discretion when determining whether a disclosure statement should be approved.
However, the following are some of the typical items found in a disclosure statement: