Worker's Compensation Coverage for Nerve Damage

Nerve damage caused by an accident at work, or a job-related repetitive stress injury, is almost always covered by workers' compensation. Here's what your should be aware of.

All types of work environments can lead to nerve damage and other nerve injuries. Some of these cases stem from falls or other sudden traumatic injuries, and others arise because of repetitive stress. No matter what the source, these injuries can be painful and debilitating, not to mention disruptive when it comes to your ability to make a living. In this article we'll look at different types of nerve damage and how these kinds of on-the-job injuries can justify a claim for worker’s compensation benefits.

Types of Nerve Damage

There are primarily two categories of nerve damage, with numerous types of conditions (varying in severity) that can stem from each:

Bruising, tearing, or stretching of a nerve or the surrounding tissue. Usually caused more by an accident than by repetitive stress, this is the most serious type of nerve damage, and it can result in complete loss of function or movement (paralysis) or serious limitations on mobility and strength. Injuries in this category may even be permanent.

Pressure on nerves that block the transmission of signals to and from the brain. This condition is often caused by loss of blood supply to the area, whether from sudden trauma or stress on the area over time. In these cases, the nerve is generally not permanently damaged, and it may be regenerated over a period of months or years, if the pressure is relieved through surgery, physical rehabilitation, or other courses of treatment. This type of nerve damage can often be reversed within a few days or months.

The three most common causes of nerve damage are:

Generally, work-related injuries fall into the first two categories. In some occupations, such as construction and similar lines of work, nerve damage can be coupled with head or spinal trauma. These cases can result in the most serious type of nerve damage, including permanent disability, paralysis, and even death.

Benefits Under Workers' Compensation

For those injuries that do occur in the workplace, each state has laws in place that require most employers to pay into a worker’s compensation insurance system, and in turn most injured employees in the U.S. are eligible to make a claim for workers’ compensation benefits. (Notable exceptions are shipbuilders and dockworkers, railroad workers, and those working onboard a ship.)

Though the system varies slightly from state-to-state, most injured employees can receive the following kinds of benefits via a workers’ compensation claim:

  • weekly compensation
  • permanent impairment benefits
  • payment of medical bills, and
  • vocational rehabilitation

(For a breakdown of the amount and types of benefits available, see How Much in Workers' Compensation Benefits Will You Get?).

Drawbacks to Workers' Compensation

For most injured workers, the biggest drawback to a workers’ compensation claim is the fact that no lawsuit against the employer is possible. The worker’s compensation system is almost always an exclusive remedy for on-the-job injuries. And that means, while salary compensation and payment of medical bills are included in benefits, compensation for pain and suffering and other negative effects of the injuries is not an option.   

When to See an Expert

For minor workplace injuries, there is often little difficulty in obtaining worker’s compensation benefits, and claims can be handled without an attorney. However, there are times when an employee may have difficulty in filing a workers’ compensation claim, or cases where the injured worker may be able to step outside the confines of the workers’ compensation system. It may be a good idea to discuss your case with an experienced workers compensation attorney.

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